In the early 90s, Moscow was full of hope for a new life and expectations of getting a worthy place among the world powers through the upcoming changes. The ambitious project of the architect Boris Thor to create a new business district in the capital with many towers, constructed in an unusual architectural style for Moscow, was a real brainchild of that time. It fully reflects the beauty and unrealizability of those expectations, and admiration for the West, and an attempt to find their own means of expression of the Western ideas.
But then it was assumed that the state would take on the task of financing the project and Thor had only to provide creative ideas and a team of architects. Then the first version of the architectural solution was introduced: the Moscow-City section was divided into 20 parts, united by a park in the centre, and all the skyscrapers were located in the shape of a horseshoe around the park. According to that first concept, the height of the Moscow City buildings was to develop in a spiral, reaching the top with the highest tower "Russia". And the buildings located closer to the embankment were supposed to provide a view of the water for people who live and work on the upper floors of skyscrapers of the second line.
However, in reality, some adjustments were made to Thor's plans. The financing of the project passed from the state to investors, and each of them implemented their ambitions and their own vision in the project. The project was attended by many architects from around the world, including world-famous star Eric van Egeraat and although the business theme of the area has been preserved, it has become completely different on the outside.
The main and permanent supervisor, the main architect of the project remains Gennady Lvovich Sirota. In 1971 he graduated from the Moscow Architectural Institute, then joined the department of Mosproekt-2 named after M.V. Posokhin, in which he still works as the head of workshop number 6. Over the years, Sirota participated in the development of such iconic objects as the Olimpiysky sports complex on Prospekt Mira, the TASS building on Nikitsky Boulevard, a complex of residential buildings with built-in shops on Krasnopresnensky Prospekt, and built embassy houses in Afghanistan and Cambodia. In addition to Sirota, each of the projects involved a variety of architects, and each of them implemented their own ideas.